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‘Firm agreement’ made on federal union, says Thein Sein
In his monthly radio address to the nation on Tuesday, Burma’s President Thein Sein said a firm political agreement had been reached with ethnic armed groups to establish a federal union in the country. Full article here.
Army chief meets KUN, Says he supports stalled ceasefire process
Burma Army Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing met with leaders of the Karen National Union (KNU) in Naypyidaw on Saturday and according to Karen representatives the commander reaffirmed his support for the stalled nationwide ceasefire process. Full article here.
Media, NGOs discuss reporting the peace process
Internews Europe organized a discussion to engage the media and civil society organizations in how to deal with the sensitive ongoing peace process between the Myanmar government and ethnic parties. Full article here.
UNFC ethnic alliance Clears up ‘misdunderstanding’ with Nay Pyi Taw
The largest alliance of ethnic armed groups in Myanmar, the United Nationalities Federal Council or UNFC claims that it has been able to clear up what the group characterized as a “misunderstanding” with officials in Nay Pyi Taw about the group's policy, reports the Kachin News Group on November 21. Full article here.
Parliament’s approval of an urgent proposal calling for six-way talks among political leaders to discuss ways of amending the constitution has been met with widespread scepticism. Full article here.
Peace efforts are almost always connected to a constitution. Peace negotiations in South Africa, Indonesia, the Philippines and elsewhere have shown that peace, conflict and a constitution are directly linked. Myanmar is no exception. Full article here.
Conversations with over 100 people from all walks of life across Karen (Kayin) State in Myanmar took place to better understand different views on the peace process and the current needs of their communities. Employing listening methodology as the primary research method, analysis pulled out common and reoccurring themes in the minds of those who participated.
EPRP database of resources related to the peace process in Myanmar, peace processes in general and including specific topics and resources focussing on gender issues in peace processes.
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar
Gender and Peace
The Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) provides information and training to support ethnic organisations and communities to participate in Myanmar's peace process.
This website provides a database of Peace Resources covering Myanmar-specific topics as well as more general information about international practice regarding peace processes and international norms and international law:
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar reflects the situation of ethnic people in Myanmar, as individual and as communities within the Union of Myanmar.
Peace Processes includes more general information from international sources related to peace processes (such as human rights norms, ceasefires, mediation and negotiation).
The Gender and Peace section provides resources to raise awareness and support gender equity in the ceasefire and peace process.
Ethnic Naga leaders will attempt to absorb two more townships into the minority group’s self-administered zone, deciding to undertake the expansion push at a three-day conference in Khamti, Sagaing Division. Like the current self-administered zone, Khamti and Homemalin townships are home to significant ethnic Naga populations. According to historical records presented by researchers at the conference, those two townships were included in the former Naga Hills District, which was renamed by Gen. Ne Win’s Burma Socialist Programme Party government in the late 1970s. The Naga Self-Administered Zone is delineated in the 2008 Constitution, grouping Leshi, Lahe and Namyun townships in Sagaing Division.
Ref, The Irrawaddy, Publish, Dec 2, 2014
Pa-Oh National Liberation Organization and its armed wing the Pa-Oh National Liberation Army have signed a “Deed of Commitment” on human rights, according to Geneva Call, a Swiss based non-governmental organisation that encourages armed groups to respect international humanitarian norms. The PNLO were one of 35 armed non-State representatives who signed Geneva Call’s commitment to respect human rights, and prohibit sexual violence, child soldiers and the use of landmines, said the NGO on November 26. Geneva Call says that by signing the “Deed of Commitment” protecting children in armed conflict, the PNLO pledges, amongst other things, not to allow children under 18 to be recruited or used in hostilities and to strive to ensure children in areas where they exercise authority receive the aid and care they require.
Ref, Mizzima, Publish, 27 November, 2014
A 15-member committee assigned to draft a framework for the political dialogue due after a nationwide ceasefire agreement expects to finalise their proposal by the close of Wednesday. The committee, which is made up of representatives of 56 political parties, is holding what it hopes to be its final meeting in Rangoon, where it will lay the finishing touches to a document which is to be offered to both ethnic armed groups and a Burmese government delegation. Formed in September, the 15 political party members have met eight times to discuss and draft the dialogue framework.
Ref : DVB News, Publish November 19, 2014
A Burmese government delegation lead by Hla Maung Shwe travelled to Thailand on November 2 to hold ceasefire talks with the Shan State Army- South (RCSS/SSA). RCSS spokesman Col. Sai La said, “The government delegation explained the current situation in Burma, especially the recent quadripartite talks involving President Thein Sein, the Commander-in-Chief, parliamentary representatives and political party leaders, as well as issues surrounding the signing of a nationwide ceasefire, and subsequent political dialogue.” The Shan State Army- South intends to sign a ceasefire agreement, Sai la said, but is still in discussions on whether it will sign together with other groups or insist on a separate accord.” Nyo Ohn Myint from MPC said no significant progress was made at the talks this week.
Ref : DVB News, Publish, Nov 6, 2014
Burma’s President Thein Sein announced plans on Wednesday to hold a meeting between representatives of the government, parliament, military and political parties. Which will take place at the presidential residence in Naypyidaw on 31 October. The meeting will focus on the peace process, national reconciliation and the country’s reform efforts. The meeting is due to be attended by the following 14 individuals: President Thein Sein and his two vice-presidents; parliamentary speakers, NLD Chairperson Aung San Suu Kyi; the military’s Commander-in-Chief and Vice-Commander-in-Chief, Union Election Commission Chairman, SNLD Chairman Khun Htun Oo; Shan State Nationalities Democratic Party Chairman Sai Aik Pao, the National Democratic Force Chairman Khin Maung Swe, Than Tin from the National Unity Party; and USDP party.
Ref, DVB News, Publish Oct, 29 2014
The Burmese government’s Union Peacemaking Work Committee (UPWC)—the body in charge of negotiating with Burma’s armed ethnic groups—has suggested setting up a joint liaison body with the Shan State Army-North (SSA-N) to prevent further hostilities in Shan State. The SSA-N met with the UPWC on Saturday at the Burmese army’s Northeast Regional Military Command headquarters in the Shan State town of Lashio, where lower house MP Thein Zaw from the UPWC proposed the government’s plan to form a liaison team that would include: regional police and military commanders; the minister for border and security affairs; and SSA-N officials.
Ref : DVB News, Publish 21 Oct, 2014
The secretary of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy U Sai Nyunt Lwin has voiced his concern that the planned 2015 general election could be delayed due to military clashes and deployments in eastern Myanmar and some border areas. On October 15, the secretary discussed the topic of the 2015 election on the second day of a seminar exploring the views of civic organizations about Myanmar’s reform process. The gathering was entitled, Seminar of Civil Organizations on the Political Transition Process, and was held in Insein, Yangon. U Sai Nyunt Lwin claimed some political analysts feared there would be a postponement or delay in holding the general election at the end of 2015.
Ref : Mizzima, Publish, 16 Oct, 2014