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Suu Kyi, Ethnic alliance agree to push 3-point agenda
An umbrella group of ethnic political parties known as the United Nationalities Alliance (UNA) met with Aung San Su Kyi on Sunday and agreed to work with the opposition leader to push a three-point agenda for Burma’s political future. Full article here.
UNA Plan to hold political dialogue again
The United Nationalities Alliance (UNA) plans to hold its next political dialogue next month, which will include representatives of ethnic armed groups and political groups. Full article here.
Clashes leave a thousand civilians stranded in Kachin State
Heavy clashes between Myanmar government military forces and Kachin Independence Army fighters have left a thousand civilians stranded in need of help, according to civil society groups. Full article here.
Ethnic alliance restates call for ‘Tripartite Political Dialogue’
The United Nationalities Alliance (UNA), an umbrella group of ethnic political parties, reiterated its long-standing call for tripartite political dialogue following a three-day meeting in Rangoon. Full article here.
Myanmar's military has suggested that ethnic armed groups may not be fully committed to end the civil war in the country. Full article here.
Peace efforts are almost always connected to a constitution. Peace negotiations in South Africa, Indonesia, the Philippines and elsewhere have shown that peace, conflict and a constitution are directly linked. Myanmar is no exception. Full article here.
This study commissioned by FLD for EPRP provides an overview of the legal foundations and the enforcement of indigenous land rights, four case studies: Canada, Australia, Malaysia and Bangladesh, and an annotated list of recommended readings.
EPRP database of resources related to the peace process in Myanmar, peace processes in general and including specific topics and resources focussing on gender issues in peace processes.
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar
Gender and Peace
The Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) provides information and training to support ethnic organisations and communities to participate in Myanmar's peace process.
This website provides a database of Peace Resources covering Myanmar-specific topics as well as more general information about international practice regarding peace processes and international norms and international law:
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar reflects the situation of ethnic people in Myanmar, as individual and as communities within the Union of Myanmar.
Peace Processes includes more general information from international sources related to peace processes (such as human rights norms, ceasefires, mediation and negotiation).
The Gender and Peace section provides resources to raise awareness and support gender equity in the ceasefire and peace process.
A nationwide ceasefire between the government and ethnic armed groups cannot be signed on Union Day (February 12) if the UPWC and NCCT fail to hold a seventh round of ceasefire talks this month. Both sides said at a press conference after a ceasefire coordination meeting in December that they expected to sign a ceasefire on February 12. President Thein Sein reiterated the point during a meeting with the leaders of the ethnic armed groups on January 5, who attended the Independence Day anniversary and the grand military parade. Both parties said they needed to agree on the provisions of the ceasefire draft. They added that it would take about two weeks to make preparations, including inviting witnesses from several countries, in order to sign the agreement.
Ref : Eleven Media Group, Publish 17 Jan, 2015
President U Thein Sein’s voiced support for signing a ceasefire agreement on Union Day offers a good sign that the government is serious about peace, according to a spokesperson for the Kachin Independence Organization. Daung Kha, spokesperson for the KIO technical team, told Mizzima: “We believe that the President, National Defence and Security Council and Defence Services have decided to accept the political proposals of the ethnic armed groups to a certain extent.” He said the government statements were a good sign for a peace deal. On January 5, President U Thein Sein called on the 12 ethnic armed groups whose representatives attended the Grand Military Review ceremony to sign the long-debated ceasefire agreement on February 12, Union Day.
Ref : Mizzima, Publish January 8, 2015
President Thein Sein received various political stakeholders at his residence in the Burmese capital Naypyidaw on Monday, in an unprecedented conference of 48 leaders representing ethnic, military and political interests. Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defense Services Vice Snr-Gen Soe Win; parliamentary Speakers Shwe Mann and Khin Aung Myint; Vice Chairman of USDP Htay Oo; Chairwoman of NLD Aung San Suu Kyi; Chairman of NUP Than Tin; Khin Maung Swe of FDA; Sai Ai Bao of NBF; Khun Htun Oo of UNA; Dr. Manan Tu Ja of KDP; Chairman of the All Nationals’ Democracy Party Phoe Yel; and ethnic affairs ministers representing Lisu, Rawan Pa-O and several other minorities are attended.
Ref : The Irrawaddy, Publish January 12, 2015
Pa-Oh National Liberation Organization and its armed wing the Pa-Oh National Liberation Army have signed a “Deed of Commitment” on human rights, according to Geneva Call, a Swiss based non-governmental organisation that encourages armed groups to respect international humanitarian norms. The PNLO were one of 35 armed non-State representatives who signed Geneva Call’s commitment to respect human rights, and prohibit sexual violence, child soldiers and the use of landmines, said the NGO on November 26. Geneva Call says that by signing the “Deed of Commitment” protecting children in armed conflict, the PNLO pledges, amongst other things, not to allow children under 18 to be recruited or used in hostilities and to strive to ensure children in areas where they exercise authority receive the aid and care they require.
Ref, Mizzima, Publish, 27 November, 2014
Ethnic Naga leaders will attempt to absorb two more townships into the minority group’s self-administered zone, deciding to undertake the expansion push at a three-day conference in Khamti, Sagaing Division. Like the current self-administered zone, Khamti and Homemalin townships are home to significant ethnic Naga populations. According to historical records presented by researchers at the conference, those two townships were included in the former Naga Hills District, which was renamed by Gen. Ne Win’s Burma Socialist Programme Party government in the late 1970s. The Naga Self-Administered Zone is delineated in the 2008 Constitution, grouping Leshi, Lahe and Namyun townships in Sagaing Division.
Ref, The Irrawaddy, Publish, Dec 2, 2014
A 15-member committee assigned to draft a framework for the political dialogue due after a nationwide ceasefire agreement expects to finalise their proposal by the close of Wednesday. The committee, which is made up of representatives of 56 political parties, is holding what it hopes to be its final meeting in Rangoon, where it will lay the finishing touches to a document which is to be offered to both ethnic armed groups and a Burmese government delegation. Formed in September, the 15 political party members have met eight times to discuss and draft the dialogue framework.
Ref : DVB News, Publish November 19, 2014
A Burmese government delegation lead by Hla Maung Shwe travelled to Thailand on November 2 to hold ceasefire talks with the Shan State Army- South (RCSS/SSA). RCSS spokesman Col. Sai La said, “The government delegation explained the current situation in Burma, especially the recent quadripartite talks involving President Thein Sein, the Commander-in-Chief, parliamentary representatives and political party leaders, as well as issues surrounding the signing of a nationwide ceasefire, and subsequent political dialogue.” The Shan State Army- South intends to sign a ceasefire agreement, Sai la said, but is still in discussions on whether it will sign together with other groups or insist on a separate accord.” Nyo Ohn Myint from MPC said no significant progress was made at the talks this week.
Ref : DVB News, Publish, Nov 6, 2014