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“Red Shan” form army in northern Burma after demand for new state

The “Red Shan” of northern Burma announced the formation of their armed group, the Shanni Nationalities Army (SNA), on social media last week, amidst calls for their own state in parliament. Full article here

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Army Chief Vows to Inform Press Council About Peace Process

RANGOON — The chief of the Burma Army has promised greater transparency throughout the peace process, telling the country’s press council that it will serve as an important liaison between the military and the national media. Full article here

 

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Next peace conference must include NCA non-signatories: members

Officials involved in the ongoing peace process have stressed the need for ethnic armed groups that did not sign the nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA) to participate in efforts to restore internal peace, thereby strengthening the effort to reach a political solution. Full article here

 

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SSPP commits to peace process with government

The Shan State Progress Party (SSPP) released a statement on January 17 saying it will work with the government, army, political parties and other organisations to achieve ‘genuine’ domestic peace and to establish a democratic, federal Union. Full article here

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Tatmadaw rejects Arakan Army offer of talks

 The guns have fallen silent in western Rakhine State, at least for the moment, but the Tatmadaw has rejected an offer of dialogue from Arakan Army (AA) insurgents. Full article here

 

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NLD fully supports peace process, says CEC member

The National League for Democracy (NLD) fully supports Myanmar's ongoing peace efforts and cannot have the process disrupted, said the party's central executive committee member Nyan Win. Full article here   

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SSA-N Agree to Limited Troop Withdrawal after Two-Day Talks

RANGOON — The Shan State Army-North (SSA-N) agreed to withdraw troops north of a key highway on Tuesday after two days of talks with government negotiators aimed at addressing conflict which broke out in central Shan State on Oct. 6, leaving thousands of civilians displaced. Full article here

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Myanmar Chief Negotiator Briefed Aung San Suu Kyi on Peace Process: NLD

Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi met with the country’s chief peace negotiator Aung Min to discuss reconciliation with armed ethnic groups as her National League for Democracy (NLD) prepares to form a new government after sweeping general elections last month, a party official said Wednesday. Full article here

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Burma Army, Karen Rebels Visit Colombia

A joint delegation representing the Burma Army, ethnic Karen rebels and the government-affiliated Myanmar Peace Center arrived in Colombia this week to study the country’s peace process. Full article here

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The Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) provides information and training to support ethnic organisations and communities to participate in Myanmar's peace process. 

EPRP materials are being developed to support the offline capacity development activities of EPRP. The User Guide will help you navigate these resources.

This website provides a database of Peace Resources covering Myanmar-specific topics as well as more general information about international practice regarding peace processes and international norms and international law:

Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar reflects the situation of ethnic people in Myanmar, as individual and as communities within the Union of Myanmar.

Peace Processes includes more general information from international sources related to peace processes (such as human rights norms, ceasefires, mediation and negotiation).

The Gender and Peace section provides resources to raise awareness and support gender equity in the ceasefire and peace process.

The first five-day Union Peace Conference ended successfully on January 16 with unanimous support for several non-controversial proposals.

Representatives from the government, Parliament, army, ethnic armed groups and political parties discussed politics, economics, social, security, land and environmental issues.

Vice chairmen of the conference, minister Aung Min, Pado Saw Kwe Htoo Win, representing the armed groups, and Tu Wai for the political parties handed concluding documents to Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Khan.

Ref: Eleven Published: 20th January 2016

The Union Peace Conference, as it is formally known, builds on the nationwide ceasefire agreement signed last October and in effect will attempt to lay out a roadmap for negotiations on a reshaping of the country’s federal system.

U Thein Sein had intended the peace process as one of the main legacies of his five-year term. In reality the October 15 pact was neither nationwide nor even a ceasefire as the eight ethnic armed groups that did agree to sign had mostly long laid down their guns under bilateral ceasefire arrangements and were already in the process of being drawn into Myanmar’s economic and political mainstream.


Ref: The Myanmar Time Published: 11th January 2016

These issues are, as follows:

  • The composition and criteria for participation in the dialogue
    The decision-making formula
    Amendments to the framework
    Whether to have a joint working team or separate working teams

Ref: BNI News Published: 9th Dec 2015

The Myanmar Parliament approved an agreement called the Nationwide Ceasefire Accord (NCA) with eight ethnic armed groups on Tuesday, but it doesn’t mean the end of fighting.

The largest break-away ethnic armies did not take part in the accord, which was signed by President Thein Sein in October.The key rebel armies – the Kachin Independence Army, Shan State Army and United Wa State Army – failed  to sign the agreement. A key issue for the holdout factions was demands for autonomy in the resource-rich areas of northern and eastern Myanmar. 

Ref: Mizzima Published: 10th Dec 2015

Nay Pyi Taw – Daw Aung San Suu Kyi will “take part” in holding a political dialogue with Myanmar’s ethnic armed groups next month, a senior member of the National League for Democracy said Wednesday.

“I cannot say whether Daw Aung San Suu Kyi will attend the meetings or not but I can say that the NLD chair Daw Aung San Suu Kyi will take part in the political dialogue,” said U Nyan Win, a patron of the party.  On October 15 the government signed a National Ceasefire Agreement with eight of Myanmar’s myriad ethnic armed groups, a culmination of more than two years of efforts to resolve the country’s decades- old insurgencies.

Ref: Frontier  Published:16th Dec 2015

RANGOON — More than a dozen lawmakers used Monday’s proceedings at the Union Parliament to discuss whether to sign off on the government’s “nationwide” ceasefire agreement (NCA), with many speakers saying they were reluctant to proceed with the accord until more ethnic armed groups participated.

Three more lawmakers are scheduled to discuss the ceasefire deal, which was signed by the government and eight non-state armed groups in Naypyidaw on Oct. 15. Should the parliament approve the bill, the government will have license to continue discussions with those groups under the terms of political dialogue set out in the agreement.

Ref: The Irrawaddy Published: 7th Dec 2015

The government and political parties say peace talks will be held under the current government in order not to violate the nationwide ceasefire agreement’s timeframe.

However, the talks to make decisions about democratisation and the establishment of a federation would be held under the next government.

The ceasefire, signed between the government and eight ethnic groups on October 15, says the first set of political talks must be held within 60 days and the second within 90.

Ref: Eleven  Published: 15 Nov 2015

A nine-member team began the task of drawing up the details of a political dialogue framework at the Myanmar Peace Centre (MPC) in Yangon yesterday, according to a report in the Global New Light of Myanmar on 2 December.

The government has selected Dr Kyaw Yin Hlaing, a director at Myanmar Peace Centre, as its representative to the team, while political parties named U Naing Ngan Lin who is currently Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) representative from the National League for Democracy party.

Ref: Mizzima Published: 2th Dec 2015

 

Nay Pyi Taw: Myanmar was drafting a framework for political dialogue between the government and ethnic armed groups under 10 points at the Myanmar Peace Centre here, an official report said on Sunday.

The 10 points were being discussed at a four-day meeting of a special dialogue framework drafting committee of the tripartite Union Peace Dialogue Joint Committee (UPDJC) which began on Friday, Xinhua reported.

Ref: Siasat Daily Published: 30 Nov 2015

Ethnic ceasefire signatories hope to see the upcoming political dialogue include non-signatory groups, according to an ethnic armed organisation representative of the Union Peace Dialogue Joint Committee (UPDJC), the Global New Light of Myanmar reported on 26 November.

As a compromise, the government and ethnic organisations reached a tentative agreement to invite non-signatories of the National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) to meetings during the framework-drafting process as well as political dialogue, granting them the status of special invitees, said UPDJC ethnic minority representative Khun Myint Tun, chairman of the Pa-O National Liberation Organisation.

Ref: Mizzima Published: 26th Nov 2015

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For much of the first 20 years of her life, Maran Ja Seng Hkawn was raised by her grandmothers in Kachin, Myanmar’s northernmost state, without her parents or siblings by her side and under the scrutiny of military intelligence. Full article here

 

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There has long been a need for a deeper understanding of the intersections of gender, ethnicity and other identities in peace-building and democratisation. Progress on the rights of women and the participation by women’s organisations in conflict resolution and national reform are vital if sustainable peace and democracy are to be built within the country.

Myanmar has suffered from decades of civil war and military rule. Addressing the structural roots of violence, including gendered inequality, are crucial in order to build a sustainable peace. It is essential to analyse conflict, violence and human insecurity within a social context that is shaped by gender inequality. Women are involved in and affected by civil war as victims, survivors and agents of conflict and peace in specific ways which are often different from the experiences of men.

Ref:TNI Published: 13 January 2016

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The South East Asian nation of 52 million people had been largely closed to the outside world for about 60 years until 2012, when it began making changes.

Despite the spread of the internet into the lives of ordinary people in Myanmar, and an influx of foreign organisations, there is still a range of taboo topics and bizarre misconceptions.

Ref: ABC Published: 9th Dec 2015

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Q: With so few female MPs elected in Arakan State do you think there is a gender imbalance?

A: It is unbalanced. Even so we invited women in the Arakan State (to join the party). Anyone could contest the election in our party, but only five or six female candidates were selected. Out this only two female candidates won seats. Women need to get more involved in politics and run in the election.

 

Ref: BNI News Published: 29th Nov 2015

 

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Female candidates in Kachin State contested the recent election but few of them won seats.  In total, 67 ran but only 8 were successful. Half were from the National League for Democracy (NLD), according to voting results released by the Union Election Commission (UEC). Full article here

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To discuss an initiative resulting from a previously signed MOU, the Head of the Gender Election Observation Mission (GEOM), Ms. Sabra Bano, met with U Tin Aye, Chairman of the Union Election Commission of Myanmar (UEC) at its headquarters in Nay Pyi Taw, a statement from the mission said on 7 November.

The meeting, attended by UEC commissioners and GEOM members, was the only UEC meeting with an international observation team that focused solely on the role of gender in the election of 8 November.

 

Ref: BNI  Published 8th Nov 2015

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RANGOON — Few are facing a more exhausting campaign bout than those seeking election as Burma’s ethnic affairs ministers. The coveted posts, which represent large populations of ethnic groups that are minorities in their state or region of residence, by nature require candidates to canvass nearly every constituency as they will stand for people from more than just one or a few townships.

Despite the enormous responsibility of the post and the trying conditions of campaigning across such broad geographic scopes, a number of women are going all in for a chance at the prestigious post, bringing with them an agenda of workers’ rights, education and healthcare reform.


Ref: The Irrawaddy Published: 5 Nov 2015

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Phyu Phyu Nyunt is a Yangon Region parliament candidate for the National Unity Party (NUP) in Mingalar Taung Nyunt Township’s constituency 2.

She has worked in the Ministry of Cooperatives and as a lawyer. Way back in 1977, the now 61-year-old candidate joined the Burma Socialist Programme Party of former strong man Ne Win. The BSPP was replaced by the NUP ahead of the 1990 elections, in which the NUP suffered a crushing defeat by Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy. The election result was ignored by the army.

Ref: The Myanmar Times Published: 31 Oct 2015

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A young woman brought to trial in Irrawaddy Division after sharing a satirical post online deemed insulting to the military faces an additional defamation charge, the woman’s mother told The Irrawaddy on Tuesday.

Chaw Sandi Tun appeared in Maubin Township Court on Tuesday where she was notified of an additional charge being brought against her under Article 500 of the Penal Code, a defamation clause, in addition to an existing charge under Article 66(d) of the Telecommunications Law.

Ref: The Irrawaddy Published: 29th Oct 2015

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From a lavish sofa in her sitting room, one of Myanmar’s most successful women entrepreneurs discusses her reasons for running in the election, and her political and economic vision.

Daw Thet Thet Khine is joint secretary general of the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI) and vice president of Myanmar Women Entrepreneurs’ Association.

Ref: The Myanmar Times Published: 11 Oct 2015

Peace Resources

EPRP database of resources related to the peace process in Myanmar, peace processes in general and including specific topics and resources focussing on gender issues in peace processes.

Videos

  • To Hopeland and Back: Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee Meets, Continued https://t.co/JA8HrLlHFg 13 Nov via Twitter Web Client
  • Ethnic Armed Groups Call on Suu Kyi to Prioritize Peace https://t.co/aWaEVNvSXA https://t.co/iO3w4L7CHe 13 Nov via Twitter Web Client
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