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Myanmar’s Thein Sein Calls For Extension of Martial Law in Kokang Region
Myanmar’s President Thein Sein on Thursday requested the country’s parliament to extend martial law by three months in Shan state’s Kokang region, where fierce fighting between ethnic insurgents and government troops has displaced tens of thousands of civilians since February. Full article here
Fighting on Burma’s Peripheries to Be at Center of Ethnic Summit
Fighting between the Burma Army and three ethnic armed groups will be at the top of the agenda when a conference of ethnic leaders convenes in rebel-controlled territory of Karen State early next month. See full article
‘Secret Garden’ in Wa Special Region Leaves Much to the Imagination
Time may or may not tell whether the United Wa State Army (UWSA), Burma’s largest and most enigmatic ethnic armed group, actually acquired five heavily armed helicopters from China in early 2013, as was reported by the military journal Jane’s Defence Weekly in April of that year. Full article here
KNU Leader Rapped for ‘No Transparency’ in Peace Process
A Karen activist has accused the chairman of the Karen National Union (KNU) of failing to act transparently in overseeing the ethnic armed group’s handling of Burma’s peace process. Full article here
Countless Karen have sacrificed their lives over the course of six decades of civil war. Leaders of the Karen National Union (KNU) once said that if the bodies of those who died in this battle were gathered together, their bones would stand as high as a mountain and their blood would flow like a river. Full article here
Once again, the United Wa State Party/Army (UWSP/UWSA) which is the de facto government of the Wa Self Administered Division (SAD), hosting the ethnic summit in Panghsang, 1-6 May, has called for a separate statehood, this time claiming the support of the majority of the 12 ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) present there. Full article here
The journal, written by a participant, has 53 pages on A-4 type paper plus 99 pages of copies of prepared statements made by leaders of the 12 ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) at the summit conference held in Pang Kham, better known as Panghsang, 1-6 May. The excerpts here are on the whole selected from speeches made by the Wa leaders.
These 3 factsheets have been prepared by EPRP in response to various ethnic communities having identified increasing trading and using of drugs in their areas after ceasefires and appealing for help with creating programs to prevent drug abuse and related social problems.
EPRP database of resources related to the peace process in Myanmar, peace processes in general and including specific topics and resources focussing on gender issues in peace processes.
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar
Gender and Peace
The Ethnic Peace Resources Project (EPRP) provides information and training to support ethnic organisations and communities to participate in Myanmar's peace process.
This website provides a database of Peace Resources covering Myanmar-specific topics as well as more general information about international practice regarding peace processes and international norms and international law:
Ethnic Issues and Peace in Myanmar reflects the situation of ethnic people in Myanmar, as individual and as communities within the Union of Myanmar.
Peace Processes includes more general information from international sources related to peace processes (such as human rights norms, ceasefires, mediation and negotiation).
The Gender and Peace section provides resources to raise awareness and support gender equity in the ceasefire and peace process.
The Myanmar government is making efforts to sign a nationwide ceasefire agreement in June, said President’s Office minister Aung Min, who is also the vice chairperson of the Union Peacemaking Working Committee (UPWC) during a meeting with political parties on May 18. “All 16 ethnic armed groups involved in the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team (NCCT) will hold a meeting in Chaing Mai on May 26 and 27. Then, they will hold a summit in the first week of June. I presume the nationwide ceasefire agreement (NCA) will be signed in June, after they have reached an agreement at the summit,” said Aung Min. Although the process of signing the NCA is behind schedule due to Panghsang (Pang Kham) summit, the summit was helpful to the process, said the minister.
Ref: Eleven Publish: 21 May 2015
The Nationwide Ceasefire Co-ordinating Team (NCCT) meeting will take place 2-6 June according to posts on social media and the VOA Burmese Service on 21 May. The meeting, to be held at Law Khee Lah in Karen State follows on from an ethnic leader’s summit held at Panghsang, Wa Special Region-2 from 1-6 May.
It is hoped that participants in the meeting can approve or amend a draft nationwide ceasefire agreement that was agreed to on 31 March by the NCCT and the Government.
Ref: Mizzima Publish: 21 May 2015
Myanmar’s armed ethnic groups have called on the government to include all ethnic rebel armies in a final nationwide cease-fire agreement (NCA) and to cease hostilities against three of the groups if the peace deal is to proceed, sources said Thursday. At the end of a six-day summit to discuss a draft NCA at the headquarters of the United Wa State Army in Pangsang, Shan state, representatives of 12 armed ethnic groups released a 12-point statement outlining their demands to government negotiators before a final deal could be signed.
Ref: RFA; Published 7 May 2015
Peace talks involving Myanmar's political parties, representatives of armed ethnic groups and national races affairs ministers are scheduled to take place Saturday at the Inya Lake Hotel in Yangon, sources say. Aung Min, Union Peacemaking Works Committee (UPWC) vice-chairman, will explain the peace process and efforts to complete a nationwide ceasefire deal between the government and the armed ethnic groups, the sources say. The UPWC represents the government in peace talks.
Ref: Eleven Myanmar, published in May 2015
On April 27, the government reached an agreement with the KIO’s conflict resolution team to conduct an investigation into the conflicts in Hpakant and Tanaing regions, according to sources. This agreement came shortly after the meeting between the Kachin State Government - led by the state Minister for Border Affairs and Security Col Than Aung - and the KIO team led by Col Zaw Taung.
Ref: Eleven Myanmar, Published in May 2015
The United Wa State Army (UWSA) will from Friday play host to a meeting of ethnic armed groups, who are involved in the drafting of the preliminary nationwide ceasefire accord. A total of 12 ethnic groups are expected to convene. On Mar. 30, the government agreed in principle with the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team (NCCT), which represents 16 ethnic organizations, on the text for a nationwide ceasefire. The occasion was hailed by the government as a breakthrough, although the NCCT said it would have to take the draft text back to ethnic leaders, who would need to convene and endorse its content before an accord could be signed. The UWSA is not participating in ceasefire negotiations with the government.
Ref: The Irrawaddy, published 30 April 2015
Three armed ethnic groups that the Myanmar government sought to exclude from a meeting early next month to discuss the draft of a nationwide cease-fire agreement will attend the summit despite ongoing clashes between their troops and the national army, group leaders who will participate in the meeting said. The Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) and the Arakan Army (AA) will join 12 other rebel groups for a May 1-3 summit at the United Wa State headquarters in Pangsang, northern Shan state, where they also will discuss the country’s current political situation.
Ref: RFA, Published 22 April 2015